Annual Treasury Management and Prudential Indicator Report 2015-2016


1.   Introduction


The Treasury Management Policy and Strategy for 2015-2016 was approved by Council on 24th February 2015. Section B 1.1(2) stated that a year end annual report would be produced.


This report meets the requirements of both the CIPFA Code of Practice on Treasury Management 2012 and the CIPFA Prudential Code for Capital Finance in Local Authorities and outlines the Treasury Management activities in the 2015-2016 financial year.



2.   Investments


One of the primary activities of the Treasury Management operation is the investment of surplus cash for which the Authority is responsible. As well as the Authority’s own cash the County Council invests School Funds, Trust Funds and other Funds, with any interest derived from these investments being passed over to the relevant Fund.  


All surplus money is invested daily with the approved counterparties either via brokers on the Money Markets or direct. The security of the investments is the main priority, appropriate liquidity should be maintained and returns on the investments a final consideration. It continues to be difficult to invest these funds as the market continues to be insecure and as a consequence appropriate counterparties are limited.


For 2015-2016 investments to individual counterparties were limited to:



Maximum to Lend


Upper Limit

Any one British Bank and Building Society with a credit rating of at least F1, P-1 or A-1 short term or AA-, Aa3 or AA- long term





Middle Limit

Any one British Bank and Building Society with a credit rating of at least F1, P-1 or A-1 short term




UK Banks Part Nationalised

Included as investment counterparties, as long as they continue to have appropriate UK Government support




Any one Local Authority



Any one AAA Rated Money Market Fund



Debt Management Office



The total investments at 1st April 2015 and 31st March 2016 are shown in the following table:



An analysis of the daily cash schedules indicates that the minimum balance lent over the twelve month period was £32.60m and the maximum balance lent was £73.60m. The average balance for the year was £52.56m.


The total investments made by the Council and repaid to the Council (the turnover) amounted to £931.05m.This averaged approximately £17.81m per week or £2.54m per day. A summary of turnover is shown below:



The main aim of the Treasury Management Strategy is to manage the cash flows of the Council and the risks associated with this activity. Lending on the money market secures an optimum rate of return, allows for diversification of investments and consequently reduction of risk, which is of paramount importance in today’s financial markets.


The benchmark return for the money market is the “7 day LIBID rate”. For 2015-2016 the Council has compared its performance against this “7 day LIBID rate”. The average “7 day LIBID rate” was 0.36% whereas the actual rate the Council earned was 0.56%, an out performance of 0.20%.


This outperformance can be quantified as £103k additional interest earned compared to the “7 day LIBID rate”.


The gross interest earned on investments for 2015-2016 amounted to £0.305m, which was higher than the estimated figure of £0.300m.


The income from investments is used by the Authority to reduce the net overall costs to the Council taxpayer.


3.   Update on the investments with Kaupthing Singer & Friedlander (KSF)


The latest position with the Council’s investments with KSF was reported in the Quarterly Treasury Management and Prudential Indicator Reports to Executive Board during the year.


In February 2016 the Council received notification that it would receive a thirteenth dividend from the Administrators, before the end of the financial year. This equated to 1.25p in the £ and amounted to £50k principal.


As at 31st March 2016 the sum of £3.35m principal and £205k interest had been received from the Administrators, which equates to 83.75% of the claim submitted. Further dividends will be paid in 2016-2017 and 2017-2018. The Administrators have upgraded their estimate of total dividends to non-preferential creditors to a minimum of 85.5%.



4.   Security, Liquidity and Yield (SLY)


Within the Treasury Management Strategy Statement for 2015-2016, the Council’s investment priorities are:

·          Security of Capital

·          Liquidity and

·          Yield

The Council aims to achieve the optimum return (yield) on investments commensurate with proper levels of security and liquidity. In the current economic climate it is still considered appropriate to keep investments short term to cover cash flow requirements.


Attached at Appendix 1 is a list of the individual investments (excluding the £0.65m in KSF) held as at the 31st March 2016 together with their credit ratings, historic risk of default and the risk weighting attached to each investment.


5.    Borrowing


As Members are aware the Authority has a substantial capital investment programme. For 2015-2016 actual capital expenditure was £163.79m.  This was financed from:


Under the Treasury Management Strategy it was resolved:




The following loans were borrowed during 2015-16 to remove the HRA from the housing subsidy system:




The following loans were borrowed during 2015-16 to fund the capital programme:




The weighted average interest rate of these new loans was 3% which compares favourably with the weighted average rate of the respective loan periods throughout the year.


The total loans outstanding at 1st April 2015 and 31st March 2016 were:




In 2015-2016 the Council received an additional £0.854m interest free loan from the Welsh Government in relation to the Home Improvement Loan Scheme (HILS). The purpose of the scheme is to help individual home owners, small portfolio landlords, developers and charities to improve homes and increase housing supply. The Council will repay the money to the Welsh Government by March 2030.

The Council also received £0.7m from the Welsh Government in relation to Town Centre Loans (TCL). The purpose of the scheme is to provide loans to reduce the number of vacant, underutilised and redundant sites and premises in town centres and to support the diversification of the town centres by encouraging more sustainable uses for empty sites and premises, such as residential, leisure and for key services. The term of the funding is until 31st March 2031, with advances to third parties repayable interest free. 


During 2015-16 the Council also received £0.918m in relation to Invest-2-Save funding. This interest free funding is to assist in the conversion of traditional street lighting to LED, which will help deliver a legacy of reduced energy costs and associated carbon taxes.


The total external interest paid in 2015-2016 amounted to £17.64m, which compares favourably with the budget of £19.44m. The savings have arisen due to a reduction in the borrowing for the Modernisation Education Programme and Fleet replacement programme for current and previous years. Additionally it was initially anticipated that up to £98m would need to be borrowed to fund the HRAS buyout. The final figure was £79m.



6.HRA Reform in Wales


The Council initiated loans of £79m on 31st March 2015 to remove the HRA from the housing subsidy system. The funds were received from the Public Works Loans Board on 2nd April 2015, with the terms being agreed on an all Wales basis between the Welsh Government and HM Treasury. Specific rates above the prevailing market rate were applied and all other borrowing for capital purposes was suspended for the day for the HRA authorities.



7. Treasury Management Prudential Indicators


Under the requirements of the Prudential Code of Practice for Capital Finance in Local Authorities, the Council are required to set a number of treasury management prudential indicators for the year 2015-2016.  The indicators set and the performance against those indicators is shown below:



7.1 The estimated and actual interest exposure limits as at 31st March 2016 were:



7.2 Maximum principal sums invested > 364 days




7.3 Interest rate exposure limits












Limits on fixed interest rates based on net debt






Limits on variable interest rates based on net debt





7.4 The upper and lower limits set for the maturity structure of borrowing along with the actual maturity structure as at 31st March 2016.





Details of the above maturity structure are shown below:


Loan Maturities


Average Interest Rate

Market Loans/ Invest to Save/Salix/HILS/TCL

Average Rate

Total Debt Outstanding




















Before 1st April 2017
















1st April 2017








to 31st March 2018
















1st April 2018








to 31st March 2021
















1st April 2021








to 31st March 2026
















1st April 2026








to 31st March 2036
















1st April 2036








to 31st March 2046
















1st April 2046








to 31st March 2056
















After March 2056
















Total as at 31.03.16












8. Prudential Indicators


8.1 Affordability


8.1.1 Actual and estimated ratio of financing costs to net revenue stream.


Ratio of Financing Costs to Revenue Stream
















The indicator shows the proportion of income taken up by capital financing costs.


8.1.2 The incremental impact of capital investment decisions on the Council Tax.


This indicator identifies the revenue costs associated with changesto the three year capital programme compared to the Council’s existing approved commitments and current plans. 



Incremental Impact on Council Tax









Increase in Band D Council Tax







The difference between the estimate and actual is due to less actual expenditure than forecast on new capital project costs and a significantly higher % of expenditure funded from external sources.



8.1.3 The incremental impact of capital investment decisions on housing rents.


Similar to the Council tax calculation this indicator identifies the trend in the cost of proposed changes in the housing capital programme compared to the Council’s existing commitments and current plans, expressed as a discrete impact on weekly rent levels. 


The proposed changes are shown as the total revenue impact on Housing Rents. Items in the capital programme where there is already a commitment to carry out that scheme are excluded from this Indicator.


Incremental Impact on Weekly Housing Rent


2015-2016 Estimate





Increase in Housing Rent







The final affect on the housing rent will be mitigated by rent controls.


8.2 Prudence


8.2.1 The Capital Financing Requirement (CFR).




The Capital Financing Requirement reflects the underlying need to borrow for capital purposes.




8.2.2 Gross Borrowing against the Capital Finance Requirement indicator.


To ensure that borrowing levels are prudent over the medium term the Council’s external borrowing must only be for a capital purpose. Gross borrowing must not exceed the CFR for 2015-2016 plus the expected changes to the CFR over 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 but can in the short term due to cash flows. The table below highlights the Council’s gross borrowing position against the CFR. The Council has complied with this prudential indicator.




2015-2016 Estimate

2015-2016 Actual


Debt at 1st April 2015



Expected Change in Debt



Gross debt at 31st March 2016






Under / (Over) borrowing





The Section 151 Officer reports that the authority had no difficulty meeting this requirement in 2015-2016.



8.2.3 The Authorised Limit and Operational Boundary.


The Authorised Limit is the “Affordable Borrowing Limit” required by Section 3 of the Local Government Act 2003.  The Council does not have the power to borrow above this level. The table below demonstrates that during 2015-2016 the Council has maintained gross borrowing within its Authorised Limit.

The Operational Boundary is the expected borrowing position of the Council during the year.  Periods where the actual position is either below or over the Boundary is acceptable subject to the Authorised Limit not being breached.


The actual financing costs as a proportion of net revenue stream identifies the trend in the cost of capital (borrowing and other long term obligation costs net of investment income) against the net revenue stream.




9. Leasing


No finance leases were negotiated during the year.



10. Rescheduling


No rescheduling was undertaken during the year.



11. European Union (EU) Referendum


The majority vote in favour of leaving the EU in the referendum held on 23rd June 2016 will signal a period of uncertainty in the UK, with implications for the country’s medium-term growth outlook. Since the referendum result, rating agencies Fitch and Standard & Poor’s have downgraded the UK’s sovereign rating. However, none of the three major rating agencies have taken any action in relation to the UK banking credit ratings. The rating status of the UK banks will continue to be monitored and if there is a rating movement then appropriate action will be taken in accordance with ‘Appendix C - Approved Counterparties for Lending’ of the ‘Treasury Management Policy and Strategy 2016-17’.


While the uncertainty within the markets continues, the Bank of England has stated that it will take all necessary steps to ensure stability. One tool at its disposal is to adjust the base rate.



12. Conclusion


This report demonstrates compliance with the reporting requirements of the CIPFA Treasury Management Code of Practice Revised 2012.